Composition is the reigning artistic element in photography. In a basic sense, it is simply lining up a picture correctly. However, correct composition has been debated throughout the history of art. In artistic composition there is a theory that asserts a perfect composition, and it reigns true in most cases. In its simplest form, it simply states that the focal point of works of art should not be located directly in the center of the composition. This is not pleasing aesthetically, but minutely off center to either side makes for more of a pleasing balanced composition.
This is true for every form of composition including landscaping and portraiture. Many advanced photographers may stray from this rule, but it will take amateur photographers a long way towards becoming very skilled. This is not a rule as much as it is an observation that has been made over centuries of art and art viewing. It works well when viewing a potential photograph through a view finder. Some artists have an innate ability to compose pictures well, but remembering to keep focal points somewhat off center when lining up shots will suffice in the beginning. Eventually, the photographer will simply know a good shot when it presents itself.
However, there is a divide in the natural view that a person visualizes with their eyes and replicating that scene in a photograph even with digital technology. Practicing proper composition will make it more possible. A simple technique for practicing good composition is to take all the successful photographs of a photographer and point out the features that make them visually pleasing. Beyond lighting and other artistic elements, they will all have great composition in common.
One of the largest emotional draws to photography without people as a subject in general is the ability to demonstrate emotion and personality from inanimate objects. This is especially true in architectural photography. It is almost the opposite of landscape photography only in that the subjects are man-made in architectural photography. Additionally, the architects design the buildings to photograph well and to obviously be appealing to the eye. However, the essence of their internal spirit is visible in the manner in which the architects manipulated their media.
Great architectural photography captures this essence and presents it in the best form. This is true even when the architecture is dilapidated and decaying. Additionally, the availability of subject matter is vast. This presents a great opportunity to apply practically every technique involved in photography and art. Architectural portraiture is interesting in color and black and white, it also presents an opportunity to film in the varying degrees of morning and evening light.
Additionally, because the conditions vary and because black and white photography may be a preference, architectural photography can be approached during day light hours also. There are some other considerations also. People should research the time that certain structures are open for viewing and if photographing is allowed. Visit the structure in the varying degrees of light also. This will optimize the chances of knowing the best times to photograph. It is also advised to take many pictures. This will highlight the changing conditions, and provide many different shots in order to increase the likelihood of getting that great picture.
Photographers that shoot in black and white are very reluctant to use any type of technology to produce black and white photographs from any digital sources. However, there is photo editing software that is dedicated to transforming color formats to black and white. Still, there is even a debate about how much editing delegitimizes the entire digital format, but in particular black and white photography. This debate is further exacerbated because often turning photos into black and white is a method by which some photographers rescue unsuccessful color photographs. It is the reason that this is possible that is at the crux of taking spectacular black and white photos.
Black and White or Bad Color?
The reason that many bad color photos make excellent black and white photos concerns natural lighting. Black and white photography is often better in bright, natural light. This light is often found in times that are not conducive to color photography. Furthermore, the thing that may have attracted these color photographers out in the in correct light is dramatic cloudy and overcast days. These times are the most prime times for producing excellent black and white portraiture, but great color photographs at these times is rare.
However, the appeal to viewers is not based on the simple elements of a beautiful photographs. Black and white photography has the ability to reflect time. This ability is one of the prominent features in many photographs, but it is especially reticent in black and white photography. Black and white photography remains timeless because of this and produces ardent fans.